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Each weapon has mechanical principles that it operates with. Even just stick or rock, A stick is just two things in its attack mode, an impact weapon and a thrusting weapon.Understanding and apply this means you can correctly apply an attack. Adding to the an understanding of the body and its weaknesses you can now maximize the damage you can deliver. In its defense mode it is a shield, I know it is hard for a student to wrap there mind around a concept of hiding behind a 3/4 inch diameter by 28 inch long piece of wood. but when you realize that as it moves it covers that portion of the body, you are protected when done correctly.

The gripping area, the striking area and very important to to know and understand when using this as it equates to your ability to deliver the most force through torque. A stick as an impact weapon delivers in force based upon a simple physics equation  which is F=MxA, Force equals Mass x Acceleration. When realize that Mass includes the portion of the person swinging the stick and the Acceleration come from speed at which you deliver the strike, you see how the force is delivered. When coupled with concept of Centrifugal force mechanics, your understand why the stick tip moves faster the the butt. This explains why the force of the strike is greater in the tip them in the mid-section. Just some thoughts for the day.

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Comment by Greg Stewart on February 10, 2013 at 7:07pm

Good topic.

Actually, the concept of "centripetal force" is the measurement of an object (or a point on an object) moving at tangential speed along a curcular path, like a point on the outside of a wheel, since the dulo approximates a point on the circumference of a wheel, and the hand represents a point on the axis (a little over simplified, I'm excluding the forearm, elbow, shoulder, and hips which just make a real mess of the imagery).

"Centrifugal force" is slightly different and relates to the force applied in a linear and outward direction, moving away from the axis of rotation, which--on a baston--would sort of be the force applied to the "walls" as the very end of the baston rotates. Sorry Guro--absolutely no offence intended. It was obvious where you were going with this, though.

While the arc of the baston strike is not quite circular, the principle is the same. The equation just gets more complicated (but, please don't ask me to do any actual maths).

This concept is instrinsic to kenjutsu where the kissaki of the sword (the last four or so inches of sharp edge at the tip) is traditionally the only cutting portion of the blade. Some koto blades were actually only sharpened at the kissaki.

But, there is a converse relationship between striking and blocking.

While there is more power gained from striking with the dulo, rather than any point closer to the hand, blocking power is weakest at the dulo, and increases with proximity to the hand.

In reality all weapons that are "swung" follow this same principle; sticks/blades, and even flexible weapons. Thrusts, though, follow the conpcept of linear force.

Comment by Badger Johnson on February 14, 2013 at 8:31am

I would say this limits your weapon unnecessarily.

I see several other functions;

1. Reinforcing a body part - lay the stick along your arm or leg to create a shield

2. Keep away. As the attacker approaches, put the weapon between you, usually in his midsection to that he can't advance

3. Put the stick (usually a 36" type) on the ground using it as a support as you throw a kick

4. Throw the stick at them as a distraction and penetrate and do a takedown.

Good post though.

Comment by Jeff "Stickman" Finder on February 14, 2013 at 9:23am

Nice post.  I've long said the principle qualities a stick gives are extension and leverage.  Also that it is both your weapon and a shield.

Comment by Chris Callahan on February 14, 2013 at 12:59pm
Perhaps the stick can be a third thing in attack mode. Specifically, a lever, for performing locks, chokes, and throws with greater torque and/or reach than with empty hands.

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